Treatment > Hyperpigmentation Laser Toning

Effective Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Singapore

Laser Toning: The Solution to Hyperpigmentation Problems

Laser toning treatments can effectively correct sun spots, acne scars, melasma and other conditions that affect the skin’s pigmentation, whether they’re at the surface or deep in the dermal layers.

You probably already know about the many applications of laser and other light-based technologies in the marke that uses it for hair and tattoo removal to body contouring, and are beating out other non-invasive skin treatments by way of efficacy and popularity.

However, addressing pigmentary disorders with lasers or light treatments may also allow you to avoid outdated, chemical-laden skin “bleaching” creams, as these new high-tech devices are now being used to blast away melasma, hyperpigmentation, and other common skin concerns.

What is Laser Toning and How Does It Work?

To put it simply, laser toning is the process of using laser energy to penetrate specific layers of the skin and break apart pigments, which often surface as a result of sun damage, aging, acne, and other skin conditions.

Unlike traditional laser skin resurfacing treatments, laser toning is performed using non-ablative lasers, which work by heating up the targeted tissue without actually destroying it. This creates what dermatologists call a ‘controlled thermal injury,’ triggering a natural response in the body to produce more collagen and elastin. After the procedure is complete, the body’s immune system processes excess pigmentation and leftover particles to clear away discoloration.

The Procedure

The ND YAG Laser operates in 2 wavelengths – 1064 nm and 532 nm respectively. Designed to treat pigment cells, the ND YAG is a non-ablative laser, wherein the skin tissue continuity is retained during the course of the treatment. The pigments, basically melanin, preferentially absorb the specific wavelengths of the lasers. The emanating energy then clears the pigment.

Using the ND YAG LASER is a fairly simple procedure. Requiring about 15 minutes, it is also fast and does not call for any downtime. A good lunch time medi-facial procedure for the working class. The laser energy penetrates the dermis and rejuvenates it.

There are minimal side-effects and these are limited to redness of the treated portion. But this condition lasts for barely a few hours. Usually, there is no swelling and therefore the patient can get back to work immediately after the treatment.

The results of this treatment, for pigmentation, may not be evident immediately after the treatment. In fact before results begin to show themselves, there is a possibility of the treated skin getting dark for a week or two. But when it comes to skin lightening procedures and skin rejuvenation, the results are almost instant.

How does laser toning work?

Long Pulse ND: YAG Laser is a non-ablative laser procedure that relies on extremely short energy pulses to “”heat”” the skin. It is frequently used to stimulate collagen production which helps in collagen remodelling that helps tighten the pores, and also improve skin rejuvenation, hair removal and cut down the visibility of deep vascular lesions. The treatment is safe and effective for people with any kind of skin. The inner dermal layer is showered with photo-thermal energy, which in turn stimulates the collagen surrounding each pore. In this way, the pore size is reduced and oil secretion is also controlled. Wrinkles on the face can also be treated effectively with this treatment.

The low-energy laser passes selectively weakens melanocytes and partially destroys some melanin pigments. The heat from the laser passes also concurrently stimulates collagen production within the dermis. There is ultimately tightening of the skin. The laser gently vaporizes the very superficial layers of the skin.

In short, a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is essentially a laser designed to treat pigments. We, however have modified the usage to harness its’ gentle nature to perform laser toning for skin tightening and rejuvenation.

Fun facts:

Neodymium-doped Yttrium aluminium garnet is a crystal used as a laser medium, hence the name Nd:YAG.
Nd:YAG laser has a wave length of 1064nm and has the capability to reach deep layers of skin tissue compared to other types of laser.
Q-switching is the technique of modifying the laser wavelength to make it shorter, usually 532nm. The short-wave length laser is useful for treating superficial skin pigmented lesions.

Laser Toning for Deep-Lying Structures Treatment

Dermal lasers are used for a wide range of skin ailments, including hyperpigmentation, red spots, dark spots, wrinkles, and a slew of other pigmentation concerns. Learn how laser toning treatment can help resolve other skin concerns below:

  • Melasma — If you suffer from melasma — a form of hyperpigmentation which causes brown to gray-brown patches on the face — you already know it’s one of the most difficult skin conditions to treat, especially for those with darker skin tones. Dermatological studies report that laser toning effectively improves the appearance of pigmented lesions and dark spots. However, laser treatments can only control melasma, not cure it.
  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation — This epidermal pigmentation condition, often referred to as PIH, generally occurs following an injury, burn, inflammatory lesion or skin disorder. It is believed to be more common in people of Hispanic or African American ancestry, although technically it can occur on any skin type. Specific lasers, cooling devices, and wavelengths can be used to treat PIH. Many dermatologists recommend pairing these treatments with topical lightening creams for the best results.
  • Dark spots — If you’ve noticed brown spots on your face that aren’t associated with melasma, PIH or another skin condition, they might be caused by sun damage. The right laser treatment can effectively zap these dark spots away. Some dermatologists and aesthetic specialists recommend the use of ruby lasers for such applications, but many laser and light therapy options are available.
  • Freckles — Laser freckle removal is fast gaining traction in the dermatological world. Recent studies have shown that one of the newest laser technologies, fractional CO2 laser, can reduce the color density of freckles by more than 50% in a month.
  • Acne scarring — Some dermatologists have also started channeling lasers to address acne scars. By stimulating collagen production deep in the dermis/epidermis, lasers can help improve the appearance of enlarged pores, wrinkles, fine lines, and moderate to severe acne scars.
  • Rosacea and redness — Rosacea redness is most frequently caused by telangiectasias, also known as spider veins. Specific lasers can be used to destroy these broken blood vessels on the cheeks and nose. The International Rosacea Foundation recommends certain types of lasers, but warns that treatments may actually cause rosacea to worsen. Because rosacea sufferers are much more likely to experience adverse reactions to certain skincare therapies, treatment should only be provided by highly trained professionals.
  • Dark circles — Pairing the other treatment modalities such as dermal filler and laser toning can help treat under eye cricles.

Doctor’s Advice & Recommendation

Laser toning is suitable for anyone who desires skin rejuvenation. Due to the very low laser energy used, clients can even do laser toning every day.

As the wavelength used is long (1064nm), it is safe for all 6 skin types. However, we advise to defer laser toning for clients who have been sunburned or has ongoing skin allergy or severe acne. Laser toning is not suitable for clients with photosensitive epilepsy and pregnant or breastfeeding.

No anesthesia is required prior to laser toning as it is very gentle on the skin. After photo taking, we proceed with the laser which will take approximately 15 minutes to complete. During the procedure, the face, lips and neck will receive several passes of laser.

Immediately after procedure, a skin calming gel and sunblock is applied. Some clients may have mild facial redness that usually subsides in a few hours. For any laser procedure, be it aggressive or gentle, good sun protection regime is always advised.

Clients should actively avoid the sun and apply sunblock regularly. Avoid whitening / brightening products or peels until the skin has full healed which takes about 3-5 days.