Treatment > Hyperpigmentation Laser Toning

Effective Hyperpigmentation Treatment in Singapore

Laser Toning: The Convenient Solution for Hyperpigmentation Problems

Laser toning treatments are very effective in the treatment of skin pigmentation issues such as sun spots, melasma, acne scars, and other conditions – either on the surface or within the dermal layers.

Most of us are generally aware about the availability in the market,  of laser and other light-based technologies that are used  in a variety of applications, ranging from hair and tattoo removal to body contouring. These technologies  are scoring over other non-invasive skin treatments, in terms of efficacy and popularity.

In fact, using lasers and similar focused light-based treatments, to resolve pigmentary disorders, also let us avoid outdated, chemical-based “bleaching” creams. The new generation devices are convenient and effective  for blow away common skin problems such as hyperpigmentation, and melasma.

What is Laser Toning and How Does It Work?

In simple terms, laser toning is a process where specific layers of the skin are penetrated with laser energy, and disintegrate the pigments formed due to sun damage, acne, aging,  and other skin conditions.

Unlike the conventional laser skin resurfacing treatments in the marketplace, laser toning depends upon non-ablative lasers, which only heat up the tissues in targeted areas, but don’t  destroy it. According to dermatologists, laser toning creates  a ‘controlled thermal injury,’ that prompts the body’s natural mechanisms to increase the production of collagen and elastin. On completion of the procedure, discoloration vanishes as excess pigmentation and particulate matter is mopped up by the body’s immune system .

The Procedure

Designed to treat pigment cells without disturbing the skin tissue continuity, the ND YAG Laser is a non-ablative laser that operates at 2 distinct wavelengths of 1064 nm and 532 nm respectively.  As the melanin pigments selectively absorb the lasers of specific wavelengths of the lasers, they get cleared by the energy generated in the process.

The ND YAG LASER can be deployed very easily and rapidly, with barely 15 minutes required for completing the procedure. With practically no downtime involved, you can easily get it done during your lunch break, with nobody even realizing you underwent the procedure. 

The side-effects of the procedure are minimal, with redness of the treated area, being the only problem you may face for a couple of hours at the most. Since no swelling takes place in the affected area, you can return to work immediately after undergoing the procedure. 

The results  are not likely to be evident immediately after the procedure. In fact, it is quite possible that initially, there is darkening of the skin for a couple of weeks before the results become visible. However, results are instantaneous for skin lightening and rejuvenation treatments.

How does laser toning work?

Long Pulse ND: YAG Laser is a non-ablative laser procedure, where the skin is ‘heated’ with the help of extremely short energy bursts or pulses. It is useful for stimulating the collagen production, thus aiding in the collagen remoulding process, ultimately resulting in tightening of pores, rejuvenation of skin, reducing the visibility of deep vascular lesions. The procedure is also used a hair removal treatment. A safe and effective treatment for all kinds of skin, the treatment involves showering the inner dermal layer  with photo-thermal energy, to stimulate the collagen surrounding the pores in the target areas. Thus, the pore size is significantly trimmed and secretion of oil also gets controlled. This procedure is also an effective option for treating wrinkles on the face.

The low-energy laser beam selectively targets melanocytes, weakening them, and I in the process, destroys some of the melanin pigments. The heat emanating from the focused laser passes, simultaneously boosts collagen production inside the dermis. All these internal changes result in the skin getting tightened, even as the skin’s superficial layers are smoothly vaporized by the laser beams.

As we can see, a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is primarily designed for treating pigmentation issues. However, we have ingeniously modified its usage, to skilfully harness its propertiesfor skin tightening and rejuvenation treatments through laser toning procedure.

Fun facts:

  • The name Nd:YAG is derived from the Neodymium-doped Yttrium aluminium garnet, which is a crystal, used as a laser medium.

  • With a wave length of 1064nm, Nd:YAG can easily reach the deeper layers of skin tissue, as compared to lasers which operate at lower wavelengths.

  • The Q-switching technique is a way of modifying the laser beam output, by shortening its wavelength to around 532nm. The short-wave length laser is effective in the treatment of superficial skin pigmented lesions.

Laser Toning for Deep-Lying Structures Treatment

Dermal lasers are used for a wide range of skin ailments, including hyperpigmentation, red spots, dark spots, wrinkles, and a slew of other pigmentation concerns. Learn how laser toning treatment can help resolve other skin concerns below; 

  • MelasmaIf you suffer from melasma — ​a form of hyperpigmentation which causes brown to grey-brown patches on the face — you already know it’s one of the most difficult skin conditions to treat, especially for those with darker skin tones. Dermatological studies report that laser toning effectively improves the appearance of pigmented lesions and dark spots. However, laser treatments can only control melasma, not cure it.

  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation — This epidermal condition, also known as PIH, is usually the result of injury, burns, inflammatory lesions or skin disorders. While it can surface in people of any type, it is supposed to more prevalent among people of Hispanic or African American descent. Specific lasers, cooling devices, and wavelengths are used in the treatment of PIH. For optimal results,  dermatologists generally club these treatments and topical lightening creams.

  • Dark spots — These  brown spots appearing on the face, are caused by sun exposure rather than skin conditions such as melasma, or PIH. The appropriate laser treatment can effortlessly remove these dark spots. While some dermatologists and aesthetic specialists suggest ruby lasers, there are many other viable ad effective laser and light therapy options available.

  • FrecklesLaser freckle removal ​is fast gaining traction in the dermatological world. Recent studies have shown that one of the newest laser technologies, fractional CO2 laser, can reduce the colour density of freckles by more than 50% in a month.

  • Acne scarring — ​Some dermatologists have also started channelling lasers to address acne scars. By stimulating collagen production deep in the dermis/epidermis, lasers can help improve the appearance of enlarged pores, wrinkles, fine lines, and moderate to severe acne scars.

  • Rosacea and rednessRosacea redness is most frequently caused by telangiectasias, also known as spider veins. Specific lasers can be used to destroy these broken blood vessels on the cheeks and nose. The International Rosacea Foundation recommends certain types of lasers, but warns that treatments may actually cause rosacea to worsen. Because rosacea sufferers are much more likely to experience adverse reactions to certain skincare therapies, treatment should only be provided by highly trained professionals.

  • Dark circles — Pairing the other treatment modalities such as dermal filler and laser toning can help treat under eye circles.

Doctor’s Advice & Recommendation

Laser toning is ideal and safe for people who seek skin rejuvenation. Since very low intensity laser energy is used in the procedure, there’s no harm is getting the laser toning done every day too.

The long wavelength, measuring 1064nm, is absolutely safe for all the 6 skin types. However, it is advisable to avoid laser toning for sunburned skin, or in cases of severe acne and skin allergies. Laser toning is also not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding mothers, and people suffering from photosensitive epilepsy.

Since laser toning works very gently on the skin layers, anesthesia is not required to be administered ahead of the procedure.  After taking the photographs, we begin the laser procedure, which lasts for around 15 minutes. During the course of the procedure, lasers are passed several times over the face, lips and neck.

On completion of the procedure, topical application of a skin-soothing gel and sunblock is done. Some clients may encounter mild redness on the face, but this condition lasts only a couple of hours before disappearing. As a matter of precaution, we always advise adequate sun protection, after any laser procedure is performed. 

Once you undergo the treatment, remember to stay out of the sun, and use sunblock cream without fail. Do not use skin whitening or brightening products, and peels for about 3 to 5 days, by when the skin usually heals completely.

How often should you do this treatment? 

Every skin is different, even for their treatments as well as frequency of the treatments. Consult your doctor for a detailed assessment before commencing your treatment journey.