Hyperpigmentation occurs when there is an excess of melanin in the skin. Melanin produced by melanocytes and is the pigment that gives the complexion its colour. When our skin is exposed to the sun's rays, melanocytes are naturally stimulated to produce more melanin in an effort to protect the skin from sunburn. Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin production is not uniform, leading to skin patches that appear darker compared to the surrounding skin.

Pigmentation is a common skin condition that affects people of all skin types and is usually harmless. There are many forms of hyperpigmentation, but the ones most frequently seen are melasma and sunspots. These conditions occur typically on sun-exposed areas like the face, neck, décolleté, hands, arms, and legs. 

Another type of hyperpigmentation, known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), occurs after an inflammation of the skin, such as cuts, burns, chickenpox, or acne. This type of skin inflammation can occur almost in any part of the body. As skin ages, fewer melanocytes are produced, but those that remain increase in size and become more defined. Melanosome regulation also becomes less controlled. These physiological changes explain why age spots appear more prominent among those over 40.


Melasma removal


Often found in Asian skin. It manifests as irregular patches of darker brown discolouration, usually on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and lips. It is more common in women and in darker-skinned people, and can be aggravated by sun exposure and hormonal changes.



They are small, flat brown spots that usually develop in sun-exposed areas as a result of genetic factors. In most cases, freckles are harmless and are common in children.

Port Wine Stains Birthmarks


A common type of discolouration that can be categorized into vascular (red) or pigmentation (brown) birthmarks. Red coloured birthmarks are caused by a localized area of abnormal blood vessels. Brown birthmarks arise from localized areas of excessive pigmentation.

Pigmentation Removal Singapore


Pigmentation is brown spots or patches on the skin caused by an excess melanin production in the skin. Melanin is produced by cells called melanocytes at the lower layer of the epidermis and can be triggered by sun exposure.

solar lentigines


Age spots, also known as sun spots and solar lentigo, are dark brown spots present on the skin. Increasing age and repeated sun exposure lead to the appearance of more sun spots. They are caused by sun exposure, and appear most commonly on the face, hands, and arms.



PIH is skin discolouration of the skin that remains after a wound heals such as acne, cuts, burns. It is the skin’s natural response to inflammation. The cell produces more pigmentation during the healing process.

Horis Naevus, Hori Nevus, Pigmentation, Birthmarks, Melamsa, Freckles, Treatment for Pigmentation, Pigmentation Removal, Melasma Removal


An acquired benign dermal melanocytosis as a small macular hyperpigmentation on the face. Especially the malar areas and both sides of the forehead. The colour of the lesion is mostly blotchy grey to blue.

old aged spots


Often confused with solar lentigo, these spots are small, flat brown, gray, or dark spots that can appear alone or in clusters. They are frequently visible in areas that get a lot of sunlight, such as your face, hands, shoulders, and arms.

How do we treat pigmentation at Ensoul?

Laser Pigmentation

Our skin doctors have devoted years of aesthetic experience to finding effective solutions for pigmentation removal. Using a range of lasers, including q-switched picosecond and nanosecond Nd Yag laser, Alexandrite pico laser, long pulsed Nd Yag, Erbium Yag and yellow laser, our doctor has developed a range of laser combinations for treating dark spots. As different laser treatment modalities use different wavelengths of high-energy light, they can target different depths of the skin and treat different skin problems.

Using a combination of lasers, we can augment the stimulation of collagen and elastin production and the regeneration of new skin cells, yielding better results. This method is more demanding and therefore requires an experienced doctor.

Our objective is to help patients achieve an overall healthier skin. Together with lightening of pigmentation, fairer skin, smaller pores and smoother skin. Our patients also find they get intense toning, lifting, skin tightening, and pronounced skin renewal, resulting in a natural glow and lightening effect.

The series of ablative and non-ablative lasers treat both the epidermis and dermis of the facial skin. Laser skin resurfacing targets the epidermis layer of the skin, rejuvenating it and creating new, healthier cells, resulting in a more even skin tone and texture. Through non-ablative lasers, collagen and elastin production is stimulated to improve skin elasticity and repair damaged skin.

One of the many benefits is that there is minimal/no to low downtime. Patients are able to walk out of the clinic looking radiant and more youthful after one session. Some patients may require a multi-modal treatment like topical creams and radio frequency microneedling to treat their stubborn pigmentation.

LASER TREATMENT for pigmentations

Every person's aesthetic goals and desires are different. Our aim is to plan, together with you, your journey to enhance your own natural beauty and reclaim your healthy, youthful appearance. With over 10 lasers machines in our clinic, we can customise the suitable lasers treatment according to your pigmentary concerns and achieve optimal results for you.

Q Switched Nanosecond / Picosecond ND YAG laser

Fotona Treatment Pigmentation freckles scars

Fotona Erbium YAG Laser

Fotona ND YAG Laser

Picosecond Laser

755nm Alexandrite Laser

577nm Yellow Laser


Apart from lasers, there are also other energy-based devices that can also help to target stubborn pigmentation.

Pulsed Radiofrequency Microneedling

Dual Wave Radiofrequency Microneedling

What Are The Other TREATMENT Options

for Pigmentation Removal?



Medical Director
MBBS (Singapore’81) . FRCS (Edinburgh’86) . FRCS (Glasgow’86)

“Pigmentation is a complex skin disease, it should not be viewed as one single condition but a spectrum of diseases. My goal is to treat your skin holistically for an overall long-term improvements in one’s skin”

For founder Dr Kenneth Thean, ENSOUL Medical Clinic has been a life-mission. His enduring passion and belief in the curative powers of lasers have charted the facility’s success over the years. With a dedication to concentrate on the treatment of complex skin problems such as pigmentation, acne, scars, eczema and skin laxity. Dr Thean had spent many hours learning and improving his knowledge of lasers and other energy-based devices, both locally and overseas.  He now contributes to expand the science and art of aesthetics medicine. He has also been regularly invited as a speaker at many medical conferences held periodically in countries  internationally and regionally.  To quench his insatiable thirst for knowledge, Dr Thean constantly updates himself with the latest developments in cosmetic medicine. 


Medical Doctor
MBBS (Singapore), GDFM (Singapore), Diploma in Aesthetic Medicine (USA)

"Skin health is the basis of beauty, my goal is to work closely with you
to achieve natural, healthy results for your skin”

A trained practitioner in aesthetic medicine, Dr Chiam is a proponent of using customized skin products in combination with energy-based devices such as injectables, lasers, Radiofrequency (RF) and ultrasound. Dr Chiam, a member of the American Academy of Aesthetic Medicine, has also been invited regularly to give talks and share his knowledge on laser and other aesthetics treatments, techniques, and innovative technology to his peers. Apart from clinical experience spanning more than a decade, Dr Chiam draws extensively from his experience in aesthetics training. A firm believer in the virtues of lifelong learning, Dr Chiam regularly participates in medical conferences, and Singapore radio talk shows. Apart from being interviewed by the media, he too pens articles on aesthetic medicine, for reputed newspapers, and magazines in the region. 


ENSOUL Medical Clinic is an established Medical Aesthetics Clinic with a special interest in treating pigmentation, pimples, scars, eczema, and skin laxity. The lion's share of its medical laser procedures is dedicated to addressing issues like difficult pigmentation, melasma, spots, and deep atrophic acne scars. Easily reachable along Orchard Road, ENSOUL focuses on being a one-stop destination for skin treatments. 

ENSOUL is fitted with a repertoire of more than 50 contemporary medical devices to address a broader range of aesthetic problems better. Supported by a suite of more than 10 speciality medical lasers and 40 energy-based devices, the clinic offers an exhaustive range of customised skin solutions. The additional lasers, further complement our pigmentation treatment, which adds to the overall confidence levels of our patients.  

Apart from local patients, the clinic caters to patients' medical and aesthetic aspirations across the region - in all age groups. The devices, singly and in combination, are used to resolve an extensive range of skin problems to optimal results. 

At ENSOUL, your safety comes above all.

Daily and weekly internal maintenance checks of the devices and equipment are an important component of our safety protocols. We also service our equipment once every quarter to ensure the machines are in optimum power. We take our patients' safety seriously. Remember, at ENSOUL; you can truly relax in our care.

Setting our sights on providing patients with comprehensive skincare & body solutions. Ensoul Body Medical Clinic, a sister brand, was founded to provide patients with body contour management with medically proven, non-invasive and no downtime treatments.

Nothing eludes our eyes, and we spare no effort to ensure patients' comfort and safety throughout their journey with us.


Can Pigmentation recur after removal

Pigmentations can sometimes recur even after successful treatments. The recurrence is due to the constant exposure to the sun as well as our hormones. We can prevent pigmentation from recurring by applying sunscreen with at least SPF 50 diligently and adopting sun protection measures to have long-term sustainable results. Treatments can only clear your pigmentations, ultimately, a proper skincare routine is equally essential in preventing pigmentation recurrence.

How many sessions do you need?

Every individual is different, even for their treatments. Usually you would be able to see some results after one session, but you may need a few sessions to completely clear the pigmentation as it is also dependent on the severity of the pigmentation.

Is there downtime in this treatment?

It is a gentle treatment and almost no downtime from this treatment. The possibilities of redness could be seen and the redness should subside in few hours.

Can all areas of the body be treated?

Any area of the body can be treated safely and effectively. Our most common treatment areas include face, neck, chest, arms and hands.

What are the treatment options for hyperpigmentation?

A detailed assessment is critical in order to determine the course of treatment for our patients. After identifying the types of pigmentations, doctors will recommend a range of treatments ranging from topical to lasers to energy-based devices according to your skin types and conditions that is suitable for our patients.


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