Fine lines and wrinkles occur because of ageing. As we we get older, the skin gets thinner when collagen and elastin synthesis slow down. This is made worseby UV damage and exposure to environmental contaminants.

Wrinkles and fine lines can be caused by dehydration or allergies in faces of any age.  Young children with allergies, asthma or eczema have creases and folds under the eyes, call Dennie-Morgan lines.

Factors like dehydration, pollution, nutrition, genetics, smoking, and certain medications contribute to the formation of wrinkles. However the majority of wrinkles and fine lines are related to photo damage from ultraviolet light.

Damage from ultraviolet (UV)  light exposure is responsible for almost 80% of the skin changes commonly  attributed to the aging process. The biggest sources of UV light are the  sun and indoor tanning beds.

Ultraviolet light damage causes both a breakdown of collagen and elastin (molecules in the dermis that give structure , strength and elasticity to the skin) by activating enzymes called matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) but also decreases the deposition of new collagen by dermal fibroblasts.  When exposed to ultraviolet light, fibroblasts undergo aging or senescence.

Wrinkles and lines first appear in the lines of facial expression.  Dynamic wrinkles are the ones that appear when a facial expression, such as a smile or frown, is made and go away when the face is relaxed.  Eventually, these dynamic wrinkles become permanent or static as the facial expressions etch them into the skin that has lost some amount of strength and elasticity.


Facial skin rejuvenation has long been the most highly desired aesthetic procedure. The demand for no-downtime procedures in skin rejuvenation has spurred aesthetic researchers to develop newer non-invasive procedures. Depending on the severity of the skin I will work a program that uses different modalities of equipments  to stimulate the production of new collagen and elastin within the skin. Collagen acts as the major support protein for our skin and elastin allows our skin to stay firm and reduction of wrinkles.