What exactly is a stretch mark?
A stretch mark is a type of scar that develops when our skin stretches or shrinks quickly. The abrupt change causes the collagen and elastin, which support our skin, to rupture. As the skin heals, stretch marks may appear.
Not everyone develops these narrow bands on their skin. Fluctuating hormone levels seem to play a role. You may also have a higher risk if people in your family get stretch marks.
If you develop stretch marks, you’re most likely to do so during these times:
*Growth spurts that happen in puberty
*Rapid weight loss or gain
*Weight training when you have rapid muscle growth
Applying a corticosteroid to your skin for a long time can also cause stretch marks. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks.
When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. Early stretch marks may feel slightly raised and can be itchy.
In time, the color fades and the narrow bands sink beneath your skin. If you run your finger over a mature stretch mark, you often feel a slight depression.
What are the treatments that treat stretch marks ?
Fotona Laser is a European brand that developed a machine that can emit 2 wavelengths under the same module, which can interchange the laser treatment settings to target many different types of skin conditions. Fotona is inventive in their research and has developed a wide range of body treatments. One of their treatments includes the use of the erbium YAG laser under the Super Long Pulse (SLP) Smooth Mode. This method of laser energy delivery gently generates heat underneath the skin without any ablation. The non-ablative qualities of Fotona’s erbium laser enable patients to experience more comfortable treatments while still receiving the benefits of a comparable treatment without the ablation.
Laser stretch mark removal treatments consist of 3 steps that target different depths of stretch marks within the dermis.
Step 1: Fotona Smooth Mode
The skin of the treatment area is treated with 4 passes of the Fotona laser in Smooth Mode. This stage begins the process of controlled thermal injury to the deeper layers of the skin. Smooth Mode laser energy is non-invasive, and it stimulates collagen production by initiating skin remodelling and skin tightening.
Step 2: Fractionated Laser
The stretch marks are treated with fractionated laser beams in this step of the treatment. Fractional laser causes fractionated dermal injury as it delivers heat precisely to the stretch mark lines and adjacent skin tissue. The stretch marks treated by this step of the treatment begin to remodel and smooth out over the next few weeks from the inside out.
Step 3: Skin Tightening
The third part of the treatment targets the larger surface of the treatment area. Thermal laser energy is delivered superficially to increase the production of collagen and elastin. This reduces laxity in the skin by inducing neocollagenesis.
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